National Filariasis Control Programme

The National Filarial Control Programme was started during 1955-56 under National Institute of Communicable Disease (NICD) after an agreement between Government of India and United States Technical Cooperation Mission for the purpose of controlling the Bancroftian filariasis with the following objectives:

a) to carry out filariasis surveys in different States of the country where the problem was known to exist in order to determine the extent of prevalence, types of infection and their vectors.

b) to undertake large scale pilot studies to evaluate the known methods of filariasis control in selected areas in different states and

c) to train professional and ancillary personnel required for the programme.

The National filaria Control Programme was evaluated four times by the ICMR assessment committees, once in 1961, the second one 1971, the third evaluation was done in 1982 and the fourth one in January, 1995.On the basis of the out come of the programme, difficulties encountered in its execution, urgency of the filarial situation etc. recommendations were given.

The major recommendations of the fourth assessment committee:

1. Project on eradication of Brugia malayi infection which is feasible may be launched in 1996.

2. 100% Central Assistance for all vector borne diseases.

3. Intergrated vectors control for all vector borne diseases.

4. Adoption of model bye-laws for effective control of vectors in domestic situation.

5. Antigen and DNA based detection of micro filariae may be adopted.

6. Fresh delimitation surveys in rural areas may be initiated.

7. medicated salt may be introduced in phase manner.

8. Pyrethyum extract 2% can also be supplied to filarial towns recording high malaria cases to tackle Malaria transmission.

Last Updated on:06/05/2014